Pu-erh Tea

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What is aged tea and why is it so costly? The world of puerh teas is one steeped in secret. It does not aid with its case either that numerous farmers and manufacturers of puerh teas in the Yunnan area of China adds to this notion of confusion with their own practice and individual craftsmanship. What does it indicate to “age” the tea? Why is some business offering a tea cake from 10 years ago at the rate of $1,500 per piece? Below, we will try to understand what happens to the puerh tea during the aging process, introduce the types of puerh teas, and share some fascinating truths to better assist you in comprehending this fascinating tea and possibly soon, learn to appreciate its distinct character.

Qualities

The aging process of puerh teas offers a smoother and more intricate taste that is typically eclipsed by the “freshness” from its initial harvest. Nevertheless, it is essential to know that there is a prime time to take pleasure in each of the two kinds of puerh tea.

Raw

Considering that this is puerh tea in its most simple form, the raw puerh often has the greatest investment worth because of how versatile and varied in taste it could end up being. Its initial tastes consist of floral notes with sufficient of grape-like scent that looks like a fragile glass of chardonnay. With time, its special will gradually progress and grow to provide a much deeper and earthier tone with a smoother texture and sweet after taste. Raw puerh tea is frequently sold at a much higher cost point than its ripe counter part due to its capability to progress and develop in time, with practically no expiration date. Connoisseurs frequently buy more than one tea cake each year so that they can keep one saved for aging purposes (this can be accomplished merely by saving the cake in loose product packaging in a dark, cool location to make sure only a minimum amount of moisture and air could reach the tea leaves), while having another tea cake that they can open throughout the years to delight in and taste the distinction. Because raw puerh is very versatile, its optimum time for tasting differs according to individual taste, but it is generally suggested that the tasting happens after 2 to 3 years from its date of production to guarantee that the “roughness” of the tea has currently been smoothed over.

Within our collection, we are using the Wild Doe, Silk Road, and Queen Bee (coming quickly!) for your consideration. We recommend beginning with Wild Doe if you are brand-new to raw puerh as it yields a very smooth and delicately flower cup of golden delight. Silk Road is our newest find and has a somewhat more complex flavor with adequate of space for aging. When it comes to the crown jewel Queen Bee, which is a member of our Bloom Label collection, this splendid raw puerh was harvested from the prominent mountain region of Yiwu in spring 2020, and we will be using it across three types for the greatest benefit and enjoyment: loose, cake, and ball.

Ripe

This puerh tea provides a totally various experience than its raw form. Because of the heat and wetness applied to the rough tea during its production process, ripe puerh tea frequently has a flavor profile of increased earthiness and woody sweet taste that some might find say it resembles a medicinal and mossy aroma. Nevertheless, with every infusion and as its aging procedure continues, that powerful earthiness will gently go away to yield a much more layered flavor with its signature woodiness and a sweet date finish.

We offer ripe puerh in two tea cake kind (Dark Stag and Everlasting) and a “loose-leaf” that are clusters formed naturally during the piling procedure, which we named Old Dome. We recommend Old Dome as an introduction to ripe puerh teas because of its hassle-free cluster form. Dark Stag produces all the unique attributes of a ripe puerh, with a tantalizing finish. And when it comes to Everlasting, a member of our Bloom Label collection and was produced in 2015, this premium tea uses the most diverse tastes that could only be produced through a number of years of aging. It has been presumed by tea masters and specialists alike that the prime time to delight in a high quality ripe puerh is between eight to ten years of aging. [1]

History of pu-erh tea

Pu-erh tea can be traced back to the Yunnan Province throughout the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220CE). Trade in Pu-erh tea began in the Tang Dynasty, became famous during the Ming Dynasty and was promoted in the Qing Dynasty.

Pu-erh was carried by mules and horses in long caravans along established paths that ended up being called the Tea Horse Roads. Traders would barter for tea in the markets of Pu-erh County and then work with the caravans to carry the tea back to their particular houses.

The increasing demand for a tea that could be quickly carried and did not ruin on long journeys sent out suppliers on a craze to come up with methods to protect the tea. It was discovered that with the fermentation of the leaves, the tea not only kept fresh however it really improved with age. Individuals soon discovered that pu-erh likewise helped with digestion, supplied other nutrients to their diet plan, and since it was so cost effective, it rapidly became a popular home feature. Pu-erh tea was extremely valued and it ended up being a powerful tool for bartering amongst taking a trip merchants.

Pu-erh tea today

Today, pu-erh continues to be regarded as an extremely treasured product. Even in modern-day society, an unspoiled pu-erh still preserves its worth and stays a family reward.

In western society, the appeal of pu-erh tea is only just now being introduced to the mainstream population of tea drinkers, propagated by new hype created by mass-media about its lots of salubrious impacts. It is only a matter of time prior to the beauty and advantages of pu-erh tea become prevalent family understanding. [2]

Pu-erh Tea Shapes

Among the more unique qualities of pu-erh tea is its numerous shapes. Pu-erh commonly comes in shaped types, such as bricks, cakes (which are disc-shaped and likewise called ‘bing cha’) and ‘tuo cha’ (which are shaped like small bowls). These shapes make the transport and storage of pu-erh practical.

Pu-erh might likewise remain in loose kind (like other loose-leaf teas) or loaded into pomelo fruit or bamboo stalks. Sometimes, it is available in teabags. [3]

How it’s made (Sheng Puer or “Sheng Pu-erh”)

Raw puer by traditional meaning is an easy green tea. It’s chosen, pan-fired, rolled, and dried. However there are nuances that make it really different from what we would think about conventional Chinese green tea and help with the ability for modification gradually. Here’s a list of the notable distinctions.

Choosing

Since it’s a basic product, raw leaf matters. The particular location of those plants and whether they are wild tea trees or cultivated bushes play considerable functions. For the most pricey puer you are typically spending for leaves selected from wild trees from a really particular place. Less expensive puer is normally made from cultivated plants. The one isn’t constantly better than the other, but enthusiasts typically take note of where the raw leaf originates from.

Pan-firing

The leaves are roasted in a large wok to prevent most enzymatic oxidation further down the line (a procedure called “kill-green”), but they are exempt to any additional hot-air drying to completely de-enzyme the leaves, like green tea.

Drying

Puer is sun-dried, not device dried, that makes the drying process imperfect and maintains the elements for post-fermentation.

After drying, the tea (now described as “mao cha” or “rough tea”) is a finished product that can be:.

Packaged up as-is and sold.

Pushed into cakes or other shapes and sold. The pressed cake is formally considered a “end product” and they do look extremely great.

Dispatch to become shu or “ripe” puer.

How it’s made (” Ripe” or “Shu” Puer– in some cases spelled “Shou Puer”)

As stated above, “Shu puer” (” ripe puer”) starts as raw puer, which is then subjected to an “sped up post-fermentation” process, which is the defining aspect of all “dark tea.” The function of this procedure for ripe puer is to imitate the results of well-aged raw puer (which takes lots of, several years) and condense that into a matter of 6-8 weeks. Ripe puer accomplishes this through a method called pile-fermentation.

Ended up raw puer is piled up into long rows or single stacks, moistened, and covered with a heavy fabric. This begins a microbial fermentation procedure that will last for one week. The quantity of tea utilized in each batch is a key decision given that each stack is its own micro-climate and the amount of tea used will impact the outcomes. The temperature level is carefully kept track of to remain around 160 degrees. This process is not dissimilar from composting, though we thought twice to mention that. If it reassures you, we consume ripe puer all the time.

Final Drying

After one week the heavy cloth covers are gotten rid of. Then a maker is used to separate the stacks for proper air flow and re-piled so it can air dry. This pile is turned approximately once weekly till the process ends about four to 5 weeks later on. At this moment, ripe puer is a final product that can be packaged up loose or sent to be pressed into shapes prior to being offered (similar to the raw mao cha).

What is with that Pu-erh tea taste?

Puer tea, raw or ripe, has an uncommon taste profile that is unknown to many in the west, but once you get hooked, you never ever return.

Raw puer tends to have a profile of wild fruit and grain (emphasis on “wild”). There can often be heartier, gamey, borderline smoky elements to them, however all these adjectives are a little stretch, except for making use of “wild.”.

The shu puer result is generally dark, earthy, and smooth. You can steep the leaves as long as you like and not a drop of bitterness will come through. But there is likewise a leathery, garden compost, barnyard character to them (and we indicate this with sincere flattery) that some find to be a gotten taste.

How to Prepare Puer Tea

There is no right or wrong way to make puer tea. It can be steeped lots of methods and with many different steeping tools. Here are two fundamental methods to it:.

Western steeping method:

Gongfu preparation of raw (sheng) puerGongfu preparation of raw (sheng) puer.

This is for when you are steeping a lower quantity of leaves for a longer amount of time (generally for a single mug or a teapot). This is the most typical method in the United States and is symbolized by the tea bag. If you are utilizing loose leaf tea (and we suggest you do) our recommended parts for black tea are:.

For Raw Puer:

3-4 grams of dry tea leaves per 8-12 ounces of liquid. Steep for 2-3 minutes with freshly boiled water. Always adjust to suit your tastes. Re-steep the leaves if desired.

For Ripe Puer:

3-4 grams of dry tea leaves per 8-12 ounces of liquid. Usage water that has just been given a boil and steep as long as you like since the tea will not get bitter. If you steep the leaves for brief time periods, there will be more opportunities for re-steeping of those same leaves. But long steeps will not leave much flavor in the leaf to extract later on.

Conventional Steeping method:

This utilizes a larger quantity of leaves in smaller quantities of water for much shorter time periods. The leaves will yield numerous steepings this way. There are numerous ways to do this and they are a great deal of enjoyable to explore (and no factor to be daunted). The below directions are an excellent standard to start from if using a gaiwan, however can be changed based upon the equipment you are using:.

Use roughly one gram of tea per fluid ounce of near boiling water in your gaiwan. Steep the leaves for 5 seconds and decant. Discard this brief initial steep, which is known as a rinse. Re-steep the exact same leaves now for roughly 15-30 seconds. Decant into your cup or serving pitcher and delight in. Repeat as much as the leaves continue to yield acceptable outcomes– increasing the high time of each round. Pay attention to not just the flavor in the cup however the aroma and the appearance of the steeped leaves. This is all part of the experience. Adjust any above-mentioned element to fit your tastes.

Just How Much Caffeine is in Puer Tea?

All tea comes from the very same plant (Camellia sinensis), so all tea has caffeine, consisting of puer. There are 3 elements you manage that identify just how much caffeine ends up in your cup:.

  1. How much leaf you utilize (more leaf equals more caffeine available to extract)
  2. How hot you high it (the hotter the water, the more caffeine extracts into your cup)
  3. How long you high it (the longer it soaks, the more caffeine is extracted from the leaf) [4]

8 Health Benefits of Pu-Erh Tea

1. Increases Energy

Thanks to the caffeine in pu-erh tea, drinking a cup a day can help to increase your energy levels and focus. Every 8-ounce cup of pu-erh tea consists of about 60 to 70 milligrams of caffeine compared to the 105 milligrams in a standard cup of coffee. This makes pu-erh tea an excellent choice for individuals who find themselves too jittery after simply one cup of coffee.

Caffeine can assist to improve mental focus and provide you that extra boost you need to make it through hard afternoons. Consuming pu-erh tea can assist you focus much better and settle in to your day. Reserving a couple of minutes to drink a cup of pu-erh tea can help you relax and refocus prior to getting back to work energized.

2. Promotes a Healthy Heart

By drinking one cup of pu-erh tea a day, you can help to lower your danger of cardiovascular disease while delighting in a tasty, relaxing drink. Pu-erh tea help in preventing heart disease because it assists produce lovastatin. This natural statin is typically utilized to treat high cholesterol.

A Chinese study shows that pu-erh tea can help to lower bad cholesterol, likewise known as LDL cholesterol, and avoid obesity-related diseases. This research study used pu-erh tea on rats with high-fat diets over an eight-week period.

The rats that received pu-erh tea had lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, which are typically connected with obesity. At the same time, pu-erh tea increased great cholesterol called HDL cholesterol. Higher HDL cholesterol levels have been connected with a lower risk of heart problem.

3. Cleanses Toxic Substances and Free Radicals

Pu-erh tea utilizes its oxidative properties to provide increased levels of oxygen, which enhances circulation and blood flow. By providing more oxygen to the brain, pu-erh tea can assist combat headaches and migraines and minimizes free radicals that can trigger major diseases.

In traditional Chinese medicine, pu-erh tea has been used to aid the spleen and stomach in filtering toxic substances throughout the body. Pu-erh tea contains basic sugars and microbes that assist the spleen clean blood and get rid of complimentary radicals. You can take in pu-erh tea day-to-day to delight in consistent effects or use it occasionally as a cleanse to restore your body’s important functions.

4. Avoids Cancer

Research studies have actually shown that constant intake of pu-erh tea can fight cancer and prevent the development of new cancer cells. One study by the University of Kunming Science and Innovation demonstrated the capability of pu-erh tea active ingredients to target specific growth cells with minimal negative effects (3 ). A 2nd study showed that pu-erh tea has the capability to prevent the development of cancer cells by preventing cell expansion.

Scientists think the oxidized tea polyphenols are the reason behind pu-erh tea’s potential use in preventing or treating certain types of cancer. These polyphenols work to eliminate complimentary radicals and assist to stop the production of irregular cells. As with any brand-new treatment, it is necessary to discuss your choices with a physician before dedicating to any strategy.

5. Safeguards Bone Health

It’s no secret that bones lose density and end up being weaker as you age. The threat of serious bone conditions such as osteoporosis increases as you grow older and can lead to hospitalizations in severe cases.

Lots of things can contribute to the weakening of bones consisting of inactivity and an absence of important minerals and vitamins. Smoking cigarettes and drinking can also be contributing factors to establishing bone illness as you age.

Research studies on animals have actually revealed that the polyphenols in tea can help to establish higher bone mass and greater bone strength. These polyphenols also include antioxidants with anti-inflammatory properties that help to lessen discomfort and discomfort.

6. Help in Weight-loss

Pu-erh tea enhances food digestion and can assist ease symptoms of irregularity thanks to the existence of lovastatin in these tea leaves. The antioxidants and polyphenols in pu-erh teas also help in food digestion and fat breakdown.

Research studies have actually shown that pu-erh tea can help you slim down when integrated with a healthy diet plan and workout. Pu-erh tea suppresses the synthesis of fats, which can help your body stop producing greater levels of fat. That doesn’t merely suggest you can eat a high-fat diet plan, drink pu-erh tea and drop weight. To attain any weight reduction, you’ll still require to exercise frequently and eat healthy foods.

Pu-erh tea also encourages your body to produce the hormonal agents epinephrine and norepinephrine, which work to lower stores of fats. Drink one cup of pu-erh tea after a meal once or twice a day to gain the health benefits that help in weight reduction.

7. Lowers Stress

While pu-erh tea consists of caffeine, that does not indicate it’ll make you wired or tense. In fact, pu-erh tea can help to minimize tension and its inflammatory properties help in relaxation when experiencing minor aches and pains.

Pu-erh tea contains the phyto-chemicals GABA and theanine, which have been attributed to lower stress levels. These phyto-chemicals increase the production of melatonin, which can assist in better sleep and a calmer behavior throughout the day.

8. Avoids Disease

Since pu-erh tea is high in antioxidants and vitamin C, consuming a cup of this brew every day can help avoid diseases such as the cold and influenza. Pu-erh tea is fermented, meaning it has higher concentrations of these antioxidants than non-fermented teas. Considering that pu-erh tea originates from the Camellia sinensis plant, it likewise has more anti-oxidants and disease-fighting catechins than natural teas. [5]

Why Tea Addicts Go Nuts for Pu-Erh?

n the war on rot, aging food is a tactical retreat. We can’t beat nature at its own game, so we join it, and let microorganisms have their method with meat or cheese in the hopes of developing deeper, more intricate tastes than the fresh versions can use.

There’s less rot involved when we age beverages like red wine, beer, and whiskey, but it’s still a testy alliance with nature– quiting the fresh, intense tastes of youth for something deeper, layered, and more mature. Age, though it manifests in numerous forms, has a character all its own. You know it when you taste it; you’re consuming time.

The Western world’s long liked aging all kinds of beverages, but up until the last couple years or so, the concept of applying the exact same principles to tea was mostly unidentified. Head over to China, though, and you quickly see that aged tea is as much a part of life as 21-year-old whiskey and prized vintages of Champagne.

Why age tea at all? Many tea does not a lot age as turn stale and dead. However with the right environment, and the best tea, you get something utterly unique: a drink that slinks down your throat and hugs your belly, unwinds your muscles and relaxes your mind. The best aged tea is medication you wish to gulp, full of bitter chocolate or stonefruit or wet, sweet soil. And for the complexity of what you’re consuming, it can cost way, way less per serving than that bottle of old Scotch.

While you can age many type of tea (I’m sitting on some beautiful oolong almost as old as my moms and dads), none is more lusted after than the pride of Yunnan Province, a tea hundreds– if not thousands– of years in the making: pu-erh.

Pu-erh, which is processed in a special way to motivate microbial fermentation after the leaves are dried, ages more dynamically than any tea out there. It does not have fans. It has addicts who purchase kilos of the stuff at a time to bliss out on days-long brewing sessions, only leaving of their highs long enough to argue over the very best pu-erh blends, growing regions, and storage approaches. There are grasping novices who buy, gift, and drink the tea to gain social status among Chinese elite. And there are pu-erh investors, too, gambling on a particular tea’s aging potential, who develop booming futures markets and, in the case of a significant bust in 2007, crash them.

Over in the West, pu-erh is a niche market within a niche market. But its devotees are growing. And if there’s a tea that’s ready for the big time outside Asia, this is it. [6]

Does pu-erh have caffeine?

Pu-erh is a caffeinated tea, with caffeine levels varying depending upon elements like steep time, water temperature, and the tea plant itself. Interestingly, the post-fermentation process has been revealed to increase caffeine material, meaning ripe pu-erh is more fermented than raw pu-erh.

Although pu-erh does have caffeine, research studies have meant its results on in fact assisting improve your sleep quality. That’s because it can decrease stress and anxiety, quiet the mind, and promote melatonin production. [7]

Adverse effects

When taken by mouth: Consuming pu-erh tea is perhaps SAFE for many healthy grownups in moderate quantities (about 4 cups each day).

Pu-erh tea is perhaps UNSAFE when considered a long time or in high dosages (more than 4 cups each day). Drinking big amounts of pu-erh tea may trigger adverse effects due to its caffeine material. These side effects including headache, nervousness, sleep issues, vomiting, diarrhea, irritability, irregular heart beat, tremor, heartburn, lightheadedness, ringing in the ears, convulsions, and confusion. Also, individuals who drink a lot of pu-erh tea every day may require to consume more tea to get the exact same impacts. They may likewise become “reliant” on tea to the point that they establish withdrawal signs if they suddenly stop drinking it. [8]

Stopping and withdrawal

Unless you are totally cutting out caffeine, you must have no problems stopping pu-erh tea, and you should not have any withdrawal signs.

However, if pu-erh tea is the only source of caffeine you were consuming, or if you’re cutting out all caffeine along with pu-erh tea, you may experience some signs of caffeine withdrawal, including tiredness, headaches, and problem focusing.

Still, the majority of caffeine withdrawal symptoms just last for about 1 week. [9]

Unique safety measures and cautions

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, pu-erh tea in small amounts is most likely not hazardous. However, do not consume more than two cups of pu-erh tea in a day. Excessive caffeine might trigger miscarriage, premature delivery, low birth weight, and harm to the infant.

If you are breast-feeding, moderation in drinking pu-erh tea is also essential. Caffeine enters breast milk, so nursing moms ought to carefully keep track of caffeine consumption to make sure it is on the low side. Caffeine in big amounts might be hazardous during breast-feeding. Caffeine can trigger sleep disruptions, irritability, and increased bowel activity in breast-fed babies.

Children: Pu-erh tea seems to be safe in children in amounts commonly discovered in foods and drinks.

Anxiety conditions: The caffeine in pu-erh tea may make these conditions even worse.

Bleeding disorders: There is issue that pu-erh tea might make bleeding conditions worse because of its caffeine material. Usage pu-erh tea with care if you have a bleeding disorder.

Heart conditions: The caffeine in pu-erh tea can cause irregular heartbeat in some people. Usage pu-erh tea with care if you have a heart disease.

Diabetes: Some research suggests that caffeine might affect the method the body utilizes sugar and might make diabetes even worse. However the effect of caffeine-containing herbs and beverages such as pu-erh tea has actually not been studied. If you have diabetes, utilize pu-erh tea with care.

Diarrhea: Pu-erh tea contains caffeine. The caffeine in pu-erh tea, particularly when taken in large amounts, can worsen diarrhea.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): Pu-erh tea consists of caffeine. The caffeine in pu-erh tea, particularly when taken in big quantities, can intensify diarrhea and might aggravate signs of IBS.

An eye condition called glaucoma: The caffeine in pu-erh tea increases the pressure inside the eye. The increase occurs within thirty minutes and lasts for at least 90 minutes after drinking pu-erh tea.

Hypertension: The caffeine in pu-erh tea might increase high blood pressure in individuals with hypertension. Nevertheless, this effect might be less in people who use caffeine regularly.

Weak bones (osteoporosis): The caffeine in pu-erh tea can increase the amount of calcium that is eliminated in the urine. If you have osteoporosis or low bone density, caffeine ought to be restricted to less than 300 mg each day (roughly 2-3 cups of coffee). It’s also a good idea to get extra calcium to make up for the quantity that may be lost in the urine. Older women with an acquired condition that affects the method vitamin D is used should utilize caffeine with caution. Vitamin D works with calcium to build bones. [10]

Conclusion

Pu-erh Tea, a fermented tea that originated from the Yunnan district in the southwestern province of China, has actually been increasing in appeal over the past couple of years. This remarkable drink continues to be extremely regarded even after being discovered thousand years ago due to its distinct method of production and incomparable taste, taste, and fragrance.

No matter what you choose, whether it be Raw or Ripe Pu-erh tea, you can be guaranteed that the Pu-erh tea does not only provide a delightful gustatory experience but likewise provides a wide variety of health take advantage of weight-loss to much better skin health. [11]

Referrals

  1. https://www.boontea.com/post/aged-tea-puerh-tea
  2. https://www.artoftea.com/blogs/tea-101/what-is-pu-erh-tea
  3. https://www.thespruceeats.com/what-is-pu-erh-tea-766434
  4. https://www.teasource.com/pages/all-about-puer-tea
  5. https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/pu-erh-health-benefits
  6. https://www.seriouseats.com/what-is-puerh-tea-where-to-buy
  7. https://steepeddreams.com/blog/what-is-puerh
  8. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1169/pu-erh-tea
  9. https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/pu-erh-tea-benefits#stopping-and-withdrawal
  10. https://www.rxlist.com/pu-erh_tea/supplements.htm
  11. https://cspuerh.com/blogs/tea-101/pu-erh-tea-101
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